Juvenile Future History (and here), they colonize the Moon, Mars, Venus and Ganymede.
In Isaac Asimov's I, Robot, human beings, assisted by robots, work on Mercury, a space station and an asteroid.
In James Blish's They Shall Have Stars, human beings explore Jupiter by remote control.
In Larry Niven's Tales Of Known Space, a cyborg and his human partner explore Mercury and Venus. Later, the Belters colonize and exploit the asteroids.
In Poul Anderson's Psychotechnic History, human beings colonize Mars and Venus.
In Anderson's "The Saturn Game," human beings in a solar-powered space fleet explore the Outer Solar System.
In Anderson's Tales Of The Flying Mountains, asterites use gyrogravitics to colonize and exploit the asteroids and to mine the Jovian atmosphere.
In Anderson's Harvest Of Stars, some human beings live in a space habitat whereas others are adapted to live in Lunar gravity. Later, some Lunarians colonize a newly discovered outer planet.
That is nine future histories:
two by Heinlein;
one each by Asimov, Blish and Niven;
four by Anderson.